What is RSS and its history RSS in India.( Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh )

The world’s largest volunteer organization RSS, which is called Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh , is a very famous organization. You must have also heard or read about it in a news channel or newspaper under the name RSS or Sangh. In today’s article, we will give you complete information about what is RSS, when was RSS established and its history etc.

RSS is such an organization that has always tried to end the discrimination like caste, caste, high and low in the society. The aim of this organization is to keep India a happy and prosperous country with the values ​​of Sanatan Sanskrit. Let us go ahead and know about RSS in detail.


What is RSS? 

Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh is a Hindu nationalist, paramilitary, volunteer organization of India, better known as RSS or Sangh. It is the largest volunteer organization in the world. Volunteer means “the person who serves the society without any pressure or money”. The Sangh is also called the parental organization of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh was founded on 27 September 1925 on Vijayadashami day by Dr. Keshav Baliram Hedgewar with the objective of uniting the Hindu community to form a Hindu Rashtra and imparting character training through Hindu discipline.

This organization promotes the ideals of upholding the values ​​of Indian culture and civil society and propagates Hindutva ideology to strengthen the Hindu community. The inspiration to start it came from European right-wing groups during World War II.

What is the full form of RSS? – RSS Full Form

The full form of RSS is “Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh” . Means “National Volunteer Organization” in English .

What are the functions of RSS?

Following are the functions of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh:

  • The main function of the Sangh is to promote the ideals to uphold the values ​​of Indian culture and civil society and to propagate the ideology of Hindutva to strengthen the Hindu community.
  • In the branches of the Sangh, volunteers are given exercise, sports, Surya Namaskar and parade. These branches are known as ‘Bharatiya Swayamsevak Sangh’ or ‘Hindu Swayamsevak Sangh’ instead of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh .
  • Through the Sangh Shiksha Varg, the volunteers are educated about society, nation and religion. These classes are of many types such as Deepawali class, Cold camp class, Resident class, Sangh education class, Physical class and Intellectual class.
  • The union does social service and reform work. The Sangh always emphasizes on the work promoting social equality in Hinduism . According to the Sangh, social classification is the reason for the violation of Hindu values.
  • Relief and Rehabilitation Association has a long tradition. The Sangh helps the victims by engaging in relief work in the event of disasters like earthquake, flood or cyclone.
  • The Sangh lays emphasis on education and discipline for the formation of a bright society.
  • It draws the attention of the government to the projects related to social issues like health, water, road construction etc., so that the common life can be fully benefited.
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History of RSS – RSS History

Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh was founded on 27 September 1925 on the auspicious occasion of Vijayadashami by Dr. Keshav Baliram Hedgewar , who hailed from Nagpur, Maharashtra. When the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh was started, only 5 people participated in it. With the passage of time, people got involved in it and today there are more than 55 thousand branches of this Sangh, in which lakhs of volunteers are involved.

When the Sangh was started, people made a lot of fun of Hedgewar ji. Because then all the five members who joined the Sangh were children. But today the Sangh is the largest voluntary and Hindu organization in the world . Dr. Hedgewar ji hated the British Raj a lot, so the initial objective of forming his union was only one, uniting the Hindus against the British Raj. They were against the law enforced by the British rulers. 

When Hedgewar was studying in college, during that time there was a wave for the country’s independence in Calcutta. He was greatly influenced by this and after completing his college, he started meeting many revolutionaries and used to discuss with them, during this time he founded the Sangh in Nagpur Maharashtra.

On April 17, 1926, six months after the founding of the Sangh, Dr. Hedgewar called a meeting with all his associates at his home. The main objective of that meeting was to name the Sangh and to clarify the ideology of the Sangh. All the members involved in the meeting presented their views regarding the name of the union, in which it was decided to consider the three names further. These three names were; Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh , Bharatoddhakar Mandal and Jaraptika Mandal

These names were discussed for a long time and in the end the name Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh was approved by everyone. Along with this, it was also agreed that the members of the Sangh should be called volunteers instead of councilors .

Today the Sangh releases its magazines in the country which are read by millions of people. The main magazines included in these are ‘Organiser’ in English language and ‘Panchjanya’. Apart from this, the teen and children magazine ‘Devputra’ is also edited by the Sangh. Today there are about 55 subsidiary organizations of the Sangh all over the world. Big organizations like Bajrang Dal, Vidya Bharti, Sanskar Bharti, Seva Bharti and Mazdoor Sangh are also constituents of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. 

Mahatma Gandhi visited the Sangh camp in 1934 and was impressed by the absence of discipline and untouchability there. He praised the Sangh freely. This union is the only association in the world in which till date no complaint related to corruption and immorality has been seen. Presently about 25,028 service projects are being run by the RSS, which are running in about 11,500 places in 30 provinces of the country. These service projects are focused on different sectors like education, health, economic and social development etc. 


Names of other organizations associated with Rashtriya Swayamsevak

There are many such organizations of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh which are active for the service of the nation and society by taking the ideology of the Sangh as the basis. These organizations are active in the areas of political, social, education, service, security, religion and culture, and abroad and in many other fields. Some of the names of these organizations are as follows:

  1. Bharatiya Janata Party
  2. Bajrang Dal
  3. Hindu Jagran Manch
  4. Indian Farmers Association
  5. Hindu Swayamsevak Sangh
  6. Rashtra Sevika Samiti
  7. All India World Council
  8. Vidya Bharti
  9. Saraswati Shishu Mandir
  10. Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram
  11. Muslim National Forum
  12. National Sikh Sangat
  13. world dialogue center
  14. Swadeshi Jagran Manch
  15. Laghu Udyog Bharti
  16. Vivekananda Kendra
  17. Indian labor union
  18. Seva Bharti
  19. Vishwa Hindu Parishad

Interesting facts about RSS 

  1. The RSS may be working for the country, but allegations have also been raised on it. When the mosque was demolished in Ayodhya in 1990-92, the Sangh was accused of this. In 1948, Nathuram Godse shot and killed Mahatma Gandhi, who was a member of the Sangh till 1930. After this incident, the name of RSS was raised and the organization came in the eyes of the world.
  2. Even during the Indo-China war in 1962, the Sangh supported the government. Nehru ji was very happy with this cooperation of the Sangh and he invited the RSS to join the Republic Day parade of 1963. This organization helps victims of natural calamities like floods and earthquakes and supports the government.
  3. The RSS does not consider any human being but the saffron flag as its guru, which is its own flag. The saffron flag is hoisted in all its branches.
  4. In the shakhas of the Sangh a prayer is sung at the end of the shakha “Namaste Sada Vatsale” . This prayer started 15 years after the establishment of the Sangh. Earlier one and one Marathi shloka was sung in each branch.
  5. Sangh Pracharaks have to remain unmarried during the period of work, that is, they cannot marry till they preach the Sangh. While the vistaraks lead a householder’s life, they work as volunteers in the Sangh.
  6. The first branch of the Sangh outside the country was established in Mombasa, Kenya . The branches of the union are present in 40 countries of the world.
  7. During the Indo-Pakistani War in 1965, the Sangh helped in improving the traffic system in Delhi.
  8. India’s largest political party Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) was founded by volunteers who came out of the Sangh.
  9. When RSS was started, only 5 people participated in it, who were children. People made fun of Dr. Hedgewar ji about this. People used to say what revolution will these children bring in the country. Today there are more than 55000 branches of the Sangh in more than 50 countries of the world and it is the largest volunteer organization in the world.
  10. Women are not included in the RSS, because Rashtra Sevika Samiti has been formed for women. The functions of these two organizations are similar but they are different from each other. That is, the Rashtra Sevika Samiti is not a part of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh.

Names of some eminent volunteers

  • Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee
  • Mr. Narendra Modi
  • Mr. Rajnath Singh
  • Mr. Amit Shah
  • Mr. Nitin Gadkari
  • Mr. Murli Manohar Joshi
  • Shri Ram Nath Kovind
  • Mr. Manohar Parrikar
  • Mr. Devendra Fadnavis
  • Mr. Vijay Rupani

union structure

The organizational top position in the Sangh is held by the Sarsanghchalak, who holds the reins of the entire Sangh. The Sarsanghchalak is appointed by nomination, that is, every Sarsanghchalak chooses a successor according to his wish. Presently the Sarsanghchalak of the Sangh is Dr. Mohanrao Madhukarrao Bhagwat . Most of the work of the Sangh is executed from the branch itself, in which all the volunteers join in public places for one hour in the morning and evening. At present, there are more than 55 thousand branches of the Sangh all over India . 

union creative system

  • hub
  • region
  • province
  • Department
  • district
  • Taluka / Tehsil / Department
  • Town
  • block
  • circle
  • Gram
  • branch

Names of Sangh’s Sarsanghchalaks

Sarsangchalakname to call From when to when
Dr. Keshavrao Baliram Hedgewardoctor ji1925–1940
Madhav Sadashivrao GolwalkarGuruji1940–1973
Madhukar Dattatreya DevarasaBalasaheb Deoras1973-1993
Professor Rajendra SinghRajju Bhaiya1993-2000
Kripahalli Sitaramayya Sudarshan sudarshan ji2000-2009
Dr. Mohanrao Madhukarrao BhagwatN/A2009-present

meaning of branch

The branch is the foundation of the Sangh, on the basis of which such a huge organization has stood. It takes place in a public place like open ground or open place for one hour in the morning and evening. Surya Namaskar, exercise, yoga, sports, parade, song and prayer take place in this branch. These branches are of the following types:

Prabhat branch: This branch takes place in the morning.

Evening branch: This branch takes place in the evening.

Night branch: This branch takes place at night.

Milan Shakha: The branch which takes place once or twice a week is called Milan Shakha.

Sangh Mandali: The branch which takes place once or twice in a month is called Sangh Mandali.

These branches are known as “Bharatiya Swayamsevak Sangh” at some places and “Hindu Swayamsevak Sangh” at some places . The biggest post in the branch is that of caretaker . After this comes the post of head teacher who runs the branch smoothly. The volunteers who come to the branch voluntarily are called swayamsevaks, who are fully developed with intellectual and physical activities.

RSS related FAQ

1. How to join Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh?

To join Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, you have to visit their official website www.rss.org . After opening the website, click on ‘Join RSS’ and fill your details in the given form. After filling the details click on ‘Submit’ button. You will get RSS membership and you can join it by contacting your nearest branch suggested by RSS.

2. When and who founded the RSS?

RSS was founded on 27 September 1925 on Vijayadashami day by Dr Keshav Baliram Hedgewar .

3. Where is the headquarters of RSS?

The headquarter of RSS is located in Nagpur city of Maharashtra.

4. Who is the Sarsanghchalak of RSS at present?

Presently the Sarsanghchalak of RSS is Dr. Mohanrao Madhukarrao Bhagwat .


I hope you must have liked my article “What is RSS and its history” . I have tried my best to bring all the information related to RSS in to you so that you do not need to go to any other website regarding this topic.

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